Welcome to our blog again as you guys know we talk about Foreign Currency Translation Reserves now let's cover another problem that is asked by so many students" Foreign exchange fluctuation account is a which type of account".

But before we give an answer let me tell you about Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Account:

As you know, all businesses today engage in transactions across borders, which require transactions in different currencies. As a result, fluctuations in exchange rates trigger problems in financial reporting and to mitigate these problems, the Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Account comes in handy.

What is a foreign exchange fluctuation account?

Foreign currency fluctuation accounting is an integral part of accounting practices, specifically designed to handle the impact of currency fluctuations on financial statements.

Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Account
Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Account 

Now let's come to the main point and answer the question:

 Foreign exchange fluctuation account is a which type of account

The "Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Account" is typically categorized as a nominal account or a temporary account. It's used to capture gains or losses resulting from fluctuations in exchange rates when dealing with foreign currency transactions in any business.

Check Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Account in Balance Sheet

Company XYZ

Balance Sheet (as of December 31, 2023)



Current Assets:

  Cash and Cash Equivalents        $XXX

  Accounts Receivable               $YYY

  Inventory                         $ZZZ

  Total Current Assets            $Total

Non-Current Assets:

  Property, Plant, and Equipment   $AAA

  Intangible Assets                 $BBB

  Investments                      $CCC

  Total Non-Current Assets        $Total

Total Assets                      $Grand Total

Liabilities and Equity


Current Liabilities:

  Accounts Payable                  $DDD

  Short-term Debt                   $EEE

  Total Current Liabilities       $Total

Non-Current Liabilities:

  Long-term Debt                    $FFF

  Deferred Tax Liabilities          $GGG

  Total Non-Current Liabilities   $Total


  Share Capital                     $HHH

  Retained Earnings                 $III

  Other Comprehensive Income

    Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Account  $JJJ

  Total Equity                     $Total

Total Liabilities and Equity      $Grand Total

Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Account Example

  • Suppose Company A has $10,000 in cash denominated in Euros.
  • Now assume the exchange rate at purchase was €1 = $1.20.
  • The exchange rate at the balance sheet date is €1 = $1.10.
  • FEFA would show a gain of $1,000 ($10,000 * 0.1).
  • Euros on the balance sheet would be revalued to $11,000 ($10,000 + $1,000 gain).

Dec 31Unrealized Gain on FX$1,000Foreign Currency CashTo record gain from Euro appreciation.
Dec 31Net Income$1,000Unrealized Gain on FXTo close FEFA balance to net income.

Benefits of the Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Account

  • Accurate Financial Reporting
  • Mitigating Risks
  • Compliance and Transparency
  • Strategic Decision-Making


Here in this post, we add the answer that a foreign exchange fluctuation account is a type of account? Question. if you are seating the answer then you should read this spot till the end.